bullet Use & Citation Guidlines

Use

The Bethlehem Digital History Project allows for non-commercial "fair use" of text, graphics and / or images on this site for scholarly, research and educational purposes only. "Fair use" as defined in Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 107 of United States copyright law reads as follows:

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include
(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

Any commercial use of texts, graphics and / or images from this site, requires written authorization from the Bethlehem Digital History Project. A fee for such use shall be imposed commensurate with publication scope and circulation. If you would like information regarding commercial use please contact the Digital Projects Manager.

Any unauthorized commercial publication whatsoever, including hot linking or downloading of texts, graphics and / or images in print or electronic form, is strictly prohibited.

For additional information regarding copyright law you can contact the United States Copyright Office.

"Fair use" Citation

The following guidelines are recommended when citing "fair use" non-commercial publication of materials from the Bethlehem Digital History Project.

Book: author's name; title; name of editor, compiler, or translator; publication information; electronic publisher (project name); date material was accessed; electronic address.

Example:

Ogden, John C. An Excursion into Bethlehem & Nazareth, in Pennsylvania, in the Year 1799, With a Succinct History of the United Brethren, Commonly Called Moravians. Philadelphia, 1805. Bethlehem Digital History Project. Bethlehem Area Public Library, Reeves Library, Moravian College and Theological Seminary. 7 Oct. 2000 <http://bdhp.moravian.edu/visitors_accounts/visitors/ogden.html>.

Project: title; electronic publication information; name of sponsoring institution; date of electronic publication; date material was accessed; electronic address.

Example:

Bethlehem Digital History Project. 2000. Bethlehem Area Public Library, Reeves Library, Moravian College and Theological Seminary. 7 Oct. 2000. <http://bdhp.moravian.edu/personal_papers/memoirs/michael.html>

The above guidelines are based on the Mondern Language Association recommendations. For more detailed information on MLA styles, see the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers or the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing .

 

Updated: 1 September 2005

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